the some Papuans’ experience were much worse. There are no reliable figures for the numbers of Papuans killed over the years by Indonesian security forces, either directly or as a result of the consequences of military operations. However, local and
international human rights groups have estimated the figure to be many thousands. Many stories too are recounted by Papuans.
Whether or not these have been independently verified or documented, they all add to the collective trauma of the Papuanpeople. Even if it is not possible to give definitive totals for human rights violations, the nature of some individual incidents gives a
sense of the degree of terror that all Papuans are aware of, and that some Papuans have to endure.
The alleged methods of killing are horrific. Some Papuans were killed by having their bodies slashed with razors.9 Others died after a hot iron bar was inserted into their anus.10 A killed Papuan man had his flesh made into a barbeque, and his wife was forced to eat her husband, and his children to eat their father.
In Dila village,paniai region,and some of Indonesian troops killed Nalogoban Kibak, a tribal leader;tadius yogi a leader of OPM, filled a bucket with his blood; then forced other tribal leaders, teachers, and pastors of the area, at gunpoint, to drink the blood, In another village, Indonesian troops captured 30 Papuan men, forced them into
boats, tied stones around their necks, and threw them overboard.
Papuan women have also been killed in barbaric ways. In Kuyawage village,PANIAI TIMIKA PUNCAK JAYA, JAYAPURA,BIAK, WASIOR,MERAUKE, the army used bayonets to tear pregnant women open to the chest and then cut their unborn babies into halves. In Biak, the soldiers shot dead Maria Bonsapia, a pregnant Papuan woman, before a crowd of 80 women and children, cut the foetus out of her body, and dissected the baby.
Whole communities have been terrorised by Indonesian soldiers. The soldiers have assaulted villagers, burned houses and church buildings, destroyed food gardens and shot the villagers’ pigs and chickens. Many villagers take refuge in the jungle where many have died of sicknesses and shortage of food.
Indonesian officials commonly subjected Papuan political prisoners to torture, including electric shocks, beating, pistolwhipping,deprivation of toilet facilities, and water torture, in which the prisoners were placed in a bunker filled with water.15
Despite investigations by Komnas Ham (the abbreviated name for Komisi Nasional Hak Asasi Manusia – the Indonesian Commission on Human Rights), the army continues to operate with apparent impunity. For example, in April 2003 it launched a massive military operation in and around Wamena, following the theft of weapons
from an army weapons store. Without any critical or objective investigation of the stealing of the weapons, the army immediately blamed ‘Papuan separatists’ and launched the military operation.
Komnas Ham reported that nine people were killed, another 38 were tortured and 15 others were arbitrarily arrested. The military operation displaced some 7,000 Papuans from 25 villages and at least 42 Papuans later died in refugee camps in the jungle. As many as 168 members of the military have been named as suspects, but as yet no
action has been taken against them.
In August 2004, the Indonesian army launched a fresh military operation in Puncak Jaya district, WAMENA to PANIAI, Indonesian troops destroyed villagers’ homes and food gardens, and burned down some churches. Church leaders and human rights groups in West Papua reported that at least 6,000 Papuans had been left homeless and faced starvation in the refugee camps.17 Since the region was closed off to aid workers
and church leaders by the Indonesian military, it was difficult to provide food and medical supplies to the refugees. The refugees feared returning to their homes because any Papuan emerging from the forest is accused of being a separatist by Indonesian forces.
Human rights groups in West Papua and Jakarta, as well as church
leaders, said the military orchestrated the incident by using local
Papuans as militias.
The available evidence strongly suggests that the Indonesian military has engaged in widespread violence and extra-judicial killings, subjected Papuan men and women to acts of torture, disappearance, rape, and sexual violence, and by its actions caused
the displacement of many Papuans from their homes. Many of these acts, individually and collectively, clearly constitute crimes against humanity under international law, It is likely that crimes against humanity in West Papua will continue in the future, until such time as the perpetrators feel they can no longer act with impunity.